Have you been searching for ways to get a step-by-step guide on how to get a visa by yourself? Well, you’re not alone in this. Getting a visa is an important part of traveling abroad.

Most countries require a visa amongst other documents for you to gain access and entry. If you have plans on traveling out of the country, then you need to educate yourself about the things you need. One of the steps in getting a visa.

What is a visa?

Essentially, a travel visa is a document that gives you entry authorization into a specific country, for a specific length of time, to do a specific thing such as tour or study or work.

You might be wondering if you need a visa. Most countries need a visa from a non-citizen before gaining entry into the country.

One of the common mistakes people make is to assume that you won’t need a visa for countries that welcome thousands of tourists, but this is not always the case.

Also, the length of your stay determines if you need a visa or not.

How do you get a visa?

The first step to getting a visa is by visiting your home consulate country’s website. You’ll need to fill out visa application forms online, print and mail them in, or hand-deliver them to the country’s local consulate.

The website offers a range of information about travel to every country around the world, including safety warnings, embassy information and entry requirements. 

If you found out that the country you need to visit requires you to get a visa, you’ll have to visit the website of the embassy or consulate of the country you intend to visit.

The website will provide you with information about the application process, appointment scheduling information, types of visas to consider and more.

After processing your documents, the consulate of the country you’re travelling to will mail you a visa that will be attached to your passport.

What Are The Types Of Visas?

When applying for a visa, you need to have an understanding of the different types of visa. Here are the different types of visa.

1. Work Visa

2. Tourist Visa

3. E- Visa

4. On-Arrival

Work Visa

This is the type of visa that is designated to students, journalists, performing artists, students, physicians, religious workers and many more.

If you intend to work or get a job in a company abroad, you can apply for a work visa.

A Step-By-Step Guide On How To Get A Visa 2020

Tourist Visa

For tourism, you’ll be handed a tourist visa. This visa will only cover a period of your activities. With a tourist visa, you can’t overstay the number of days handed to you on your visa.

E- Visa

The world’s system is being transformed with technology and the embassies of countries are not left out.

This is making countries phase-out paper or stamped visas at a rapid pace, replacing them with an electronic visa (sometimes called e-visa) systems.

Countries that issue e-visa include Australia, New Zealand, Turkey, Sri Lanka, India, Armenia and Cambodia.

On-Arrival Visa

On-arrival visas are the rarest types of visa. It is only in unusual circumstances such as a diverted flight. Some countries also issue visas on arrival for citizens of select foreign nations. For example, Mauritius, and some other countries.

Visa-free Countries for Nigerians

There are some countries that you do not require a visa to enter as a Nigerian. This means your passport and airline tickets (to and return) are all you need to gain access into these countries.

Some of these countries issue visas on arrival, while some make use of e-visas.

According to research, there are 45 visa-free countries for Nigerians.

  1. Barbados
  2. Dominica
  3. Haiti
  4. Burkina Faso
  5. Chad
  6. Cape Verde
  7. Bangladesh
  8. Comoros
  9. Uganda
  10. Tanzania
  11. Cameroon
  12. Fiji Islands
  13. The Gambia
  14. Ghana
  15. Seychelles
  16. Sierra Leone
  17. Maldives
  18. Samoa
  19. Fiji Islands
  20. Mauritania
  21. Cambodia
  22. Iran
  23. Senegal
  24. Kenya
  25. Rwanda
  26. Guinea Bissau

and many more.

How To Get U.S.A Visa

In search of a greener pasture, many Nigerians opt for a migration to the United States of America. From the iconic Statue of Liberty in New York and legendary museums and galleries of Washington D.C., the United States is a place of beauty, lifestyle and historical background.

For Nigerian passport holders, it’s imperative to get a visa to get access to the U.S. The good news is that it’s a relatively straightforward process.

With the visa application process simplified, all you need to do is plan your trip and book your tickets! Here’s a process on how to apply for a U.S Visa.

There are two most common Non-immigrant Visas (Visitor Visas) for the United States. They are;

1. Tourism (B-2) Visa

This type of visa allows the holder to stay in the United States for up to six months at a time. The validity of the visa is usually about two years.

2. Business (B-1) Visa

According to the U.S Citizenship and Immigration Services, people liable for this type of visa are the ones participating in business activities of a commercial or professional nature in the United States.

To apply, you need to pay a non-refundable fee for business and tourist visas is about ₦57,680.00 (about $160).

Below is the list of requirements you need to apply for the visa.

  1. An original Nigerian passport that has two blank pages for visa and entry stamps and is valid for at least six months beyond your return date.
  2. Previous passports (for travel history).
  3. Barcoded DS-160 form confirmation page.
  4. Appointment confirmation page.
  5. Two-color photos that meet the US Visa photo requirements.
  6. Application fee payment receipt.
  7. Proof of funds (i.e. bank statements, payslips, proof of assets and investments, etc.)
  8. Supporting documents such as invitation letters, letters of employment, provisional flight bookings and travel itinerary, etc.

The waiting period for your appointments can be up to two months, while the processing time for the application is usually between 5 to 15 days. These times can vary depending on the type of application submitted.

How to Apply For Canada Visitor Visa Online

Canada is one of the countries that accept immigrants all over the world. Here’s a list of all you need to apply for a visitor visa to Canada.

1. Visit the website that controls the immigration services for Canada to confirm your eligibility.

2. Fill the application form to know if you are eligible and to also create a personal checklist of all the documents that you need to provide alongside your application form.

3. Print the ‘Your Document Checklist’ then follow the processes highlighted in the ‘steps’ on the page.

4. Visit the online application portal to register and log in with your credentials. 

5. Scan all your application supporting documents and upload in your application dashboard. Then, you’ll have to pay your visa fee with a credit/Debit Card.

6. Print your application confirmation after completing step 5. Your international passport and this letter are to be taken to the Visa Application Centre (VAC) for biometrics.

Documents required for Canada Tourist Visa

Below is the list of documents required to apply for a Canadian Tourist Visa


  1. Completed Visitor Visa (IMM 5257) and Family Information (IMM 5645) forms.
  2. An original and copy of your Nigerian passport (Valid for at least 6 months beyond your date of return and have at least two blank pages).
  3. Two-colored photographs that meet the visa photo requirements.
  4. Proof of application processing fee and, if applicable, biometric fee.
  5. Proof of sufficient funds for the duration of the trip (3-month bank statements, payslips, proof of investments, etc.).
  6. Proof of ties to Nigeria (i.e. employment letter, proof of businesses or assets, etc.).
  7. Copy of provisional flight booking and travel itinerary (i.e. hotel reservations).
  8. You may need to provide a medical history or proof of good health.
  9. Previous passports showing travel history.
  10. Additional documents to support your application (i.e. marriage certificates, invitation letters, etc.).
  11. A self-addressed return courier envelope.
  12. Minors (under 18) traveling alone will need a letter of authorization signed by both parents or legal guardians. For minors traveling with one parent, a letter of authorization from the non-accompanying parent or legal guardian is required.
  13. If you are visiting family or traveling for business you will need an invitation letter detailing the nature of the visit, length of stay, details of the host person or business, etc.

With the information provided above, applying for a visa would be as simple as ABC.